Megalithic landscapes of Carnac and South Morbihan

Morbihan megaliths

A unique heritage

The landscape shaped by megalithic architecture has come down through the ages from the fifth millennium BC. Sometimes imposing, sometimes less so, this architectural form still epitomises the foundations of the first organised, hierarchical communities of arable and livestock farmers. It has left both a cultural and a symbolic mark on the Morbihan landscape, bearing witness to the knowledge, techniques and art of the Neolithic peoples.

Megaliths are the remains of burial or religious monuments erected between 4000 and 6000 BC. They illustrate the technical and artistic prowess of their Neolithic builders, who adopted a sedentary, organised lifestyle and built these monuments as an outworking of their relationship to the environment around them.

They are older than the first known traces of the spoken or written word, and some of their functions and meanings are still a mystery. Since the nineteenth century, scientists – and more particularly archeologists – have been working to shed light on their meaning, gradually gaining insights into their function and the way of life of the people who built them.